Published online: March 19, 2020; Fabrizio Zeria,b,c; Shehzad A. Naroo*,; Correspondence information about the author Shehzad A. Naroo; School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, UK; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clae.2020.03.007
It is unfortunately apparent that we are in the middle of an ongoing outbreak of the coronavirus disease that, according the World Health Organization, has now been characterised as a pandemic . It appeared to have started in December 2019 when the first cases of pneumonia of an unknown cause were detected in Wuhan (Hubei, China) [2,3]. This led to a rapid outbreak due to a novel strain of the coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2, which stands for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The associated disease, now referred as COVID-19, rapidly spread in mainland China and then in the rest of the world with some countries like South Korea, Iran and Italy particularly affected.